1、【单选题】baseball was invented as an urban game in order for owners to make money, players to become arrogant, and spectators to drink overpriced beer. the tone of the sentence is _________. a、objective b、nostalgic c、humorous d、bitter
2、【单选题】the puritans came to the new land for religious freedom, yet they allowed little freedom to their followers. anne hutchinson was banished from the colony for preaching that salvation can come through good works. the tone of the sentence is _________. a、ironic b、sentimental c、optimistic d、friendly
3、【单选题】when i study now, i’m in a lab with 50 noisy computers. what happened to the quiet chair in a corner with a table for your books, papers, and pencils? the tone of the sentence is _________. a、objective b、nostalgic c、bitter d、critical
4、【单选题】if given the funding, scientists could trace most aggressive behavior of crime and violence to either too much testosterone or low blood sugar. the tone of the sentence is _________. a、objective b、sentimental c、subjective d、joyful
5、【单选题】editorials in newspapers are written mainly to __________. a、argue a point b、entertain readers c、provide information d、tell a story
6、【单选题】samuel slater opened a new factory in rhode island in 1790 and employed seven boys and two girls between the ages of seven and twelve. the primary purpose of this sentence is to __________. a、persuade readers b、inform readers c、to entertain readers d、describe a place
7、【单选题】the cia was engaged in (covert) activities in south america that were not made public. the word in the paranthesis means _____. a、foreign b、dishonest c、dangerous d、hidden
8、【单选题】the meeting was brief, and the message was (concise) and to the point. the word in the paranthesis means _________. a、laborious b、lengthy c、short d、important
9、【单选题】if we have to have a pet around the house, get one that is (docile) and easy to manage. the word in the paranthesis means_________. a、gentle b、short c、sick d、young
10、【单选题】he talked so loudly that it became the (dominant) characteristic of his personality, the one you remembered. the word in the paranthesis means _________. a、outstanding b、laudable c、negative d、diminished
11、【单选题】the student was accused of (plagiarism) because the term paper contained the exact words of an author without giving a reference. the word in the paranthesis means__________. a、stealing words b、false handwriting c、counterfeiting d、sin
12、【判断题】much of our lives, in fact, is spent filling out surveys, taking tests, and being interviewed. this statement is a fact.
13、【判断题】alder, too, believed that early childhood experiences shaped the human personality, but he emphasized the social nature of the child’s urges. this statement is an opinion.
14、【判断题】when you use annotations to clarify, you can underline key statements, number supporting arguments, define unusual words, and paraphrasing difficult passages.
15、【判断题】in the margin of a book you explicitly state the ideas only indirectly suggested by the text. this is annotation to evaluate.
16、【判断题】if the meaning of words or structure is unclear, a well-placed question mark will remind you of what is puzzling.
17、【判断题】feel free to express your bold or unusual opinions with any type of phrase, mark, or sign that conveys your attitude. in this case, you are using the annotations to evaluate.
18、【判断题】through annotations to clarify, you may recognize your reactions and express them in writing.
19、【判断题】a reading journal is a diary of your thought processes.
20、【判断题】the reading journal provides the space for more extended ideas-and particularly for ideas not tied to a particular passage of the original.
21、【判断题】you should avoid shifting the topic, contradicting yourself, or losing sense in your journal.
22、【判断题】like any type of writing, your reading journal needs to be convincing.
23、【判断题】unlike marginal comments, what you write in the journal is often decided by your teacher.
24、【判断题】one technique for developing the habit of keeping a journal is freewriting.
25、【判断题】outlining is a form of note-taking that gives a quick display of key issues and essential supporting details.
26、【判断题】the outline forces you to sort out significant details and decide on levels of importance.
27、【判断题】when taking notes in outline form, record as many details as you can.
28、【判断题】always remember you are outlining to save time for later study and review.
1、【单选题】which of the following sentences makes the best main idea? a、walking for twenty minutes a day three times a week strengthens the heart. b、swimming utilizes all the muscles of the body and improves lung capacity. c、exercise is important. d、exercise can contribute to a healthier heart and stronger lungs.
2、【单选题】which of the following sentences makes the best main idea? a、as a college student there are many appealing courses of study from which to choose. b、computer science programs are increasingly popular. c、child care and teaching appeal to a large number of students. d、many high school students attend college.
3、【单选题】which of the following sentences makes the best main idea? a、some of us suffer great stress over our relationships. b、much of our adult lives is spent trying to come to terms with one of our parents. c、many people seek therapy to cope with parental relationships. d、for many of us, our relationship with our parents is unquestionably our greatest cause of stress.
4、【单选题】people are increasingly concerned about food safety, and matters such as food-borne illnesses, environmental contaminations, natural toxicants in foods, pesticides, and food additives. moving the food from the field to processors, stores, and onto your table requires a vast network. public agencies monitor this huge network. which of the following is the best topic for the passage? a、food safety b、public agencies c、food-borne illnesses d、pesticides
5、【单选题】health is a cultural concept that is defined differently in different cultures. the prevailing definition of health has evolved from the “absence of illness” to the broader term, wellness, with its definition as “a life-style that emphasizes such health- promoting behaviors as eating a healthful diet, avoiding harmful substances, enjoying regular exercise, and cultivating self-esteem.” which of the following is best topic for this passage? a、cultural concepts b、definition of health c、cultivating self-esteem d、eating a healthful diet
6、【单选题】sociolinguistics is concerned with the ethnography of speaking, that is, with cultural and subcultural patterns of speech variation in different social contexts. the sociolinguist might ask, for example, what kinds of things one talks about in casual conversations with a stranger. a foreigner may know english vocabulary and grammar well but may not know that one typically chats with a stranger about the weather or where one comes from, and not about what one ate that day or how much money one earns. a foreigner may be familiar with much of the culture of a north american city, but if that person divulges the real state of his or her health and feelings to the first person who says, “how are you?” he or she has much to learn about “small talk” in north american english. similarly, north americans tend to get confused in societies where greetings are quite different from ours. people in some other societies may ask a greeting, “where are you going?” or “what are you cooking?” some americans may think such questions are rude; others may try to answer in excruciating detail, not realizing that only vague answers are expected, just as we don’t really expect a detailed answer when we ask people “how are you?” --judith resnick & lanny lester, text & thought, pp. 194-195 which of the following is the best summary for this passage? a、a foreigner may be familiar with the english language but not with the appropriate topics for making small talk. b、north americans may not respond appropriately to greetings in other societies. c、conversation differs around the world. d、sociolinguists are interested in how speech is used in different cultures and different social contexts, such as in making small talk and greeting people.
7、【单选题】paraphrase nine out of ten doctors responding to a survey said they recommend our product to their patients if they recommend anything. which of the following best explains the meaning of the original sentence? a、nine out of ten doctors recommend the product. b、of the doctors who responded to a survey, nine out of ten doctors recommend the product. c、if they recommend anything, nine out of ten doctors responding to a survey recommend the product. d、most doctors recommend the product.
8、【单选题】paraphrase this organization may succeed marvelously at what it wants to do, but what it wants to do may not be all that important. which of the following best explains the meaning of the original sentence? a、although the organization may reach its goals, the goals might not be important. b、the organization is marvelous. c、what the organization wants is marvelous. d、the organization does not have a clear goal.
9、【单选题】paraphrase this book contains a totally new outlook that combines the wisdom of the past with scientific knowledge to solve the problems of the present. which of the following best explains the meaning of the original sentence? a、problems of the past and present are solved in this book. b、in this book, current knowledge and past wisdom are combined to solve current problems. c、only by using knowledge of the past and present can we solve problems. d、none of today’s problems can be solved without scientific knowledge.
10、【单选题】paraphrase it would be difficult to overpraise this book. which of the following best explains the meaning of the original sentence? a、this is a difficult book. b、it is difficult not to overpraise this book. c、this book deserves much praise. d、it is difficult to praise this book.
11、【单选题】paraphrase when there is an absence of reliable information about drugs, the risks involved in using them are greatly increased. which of the following best explains the meaning of the original sentence? a、there is no reliable information about drugs. b、there are no risks involved in using drugs if we have reliable information about them. c、the risks involved in using drugs have increased. d、using drugs is more dangerous when we don’t know what effects and danger are involved.
1、【单选题】in their article, “three issues in aids research” in current social issues, leon cheung and marlene johnson write, “now that we have …” the method of the in-text citation used here is ___________. a、summarizing b、paraphrasing c、quoting d、illustrating
2、【单选题】according to one scholar, weinstein, disneyland's success is due to its ability to reflect and reinforce "america's most important beliefs, values, ideals, and symbols" (151). the number put in the parenthesis at the end of the sentence refers to __________. a、the paragraph number b、the page number c、the section number d、the volume number
3、【单选题】the student is quoting from page 79 of the following source: marshall, eliot. legalization: a debate. new york: chelsea, 1988. there are two works by marshall in the list of works cited. which of the following is correct? a、marshall explains that marijuana can be dangerous for people with heart conditions because its use “can dramatically increase heart rate and blood pressure” (legalization 79). b、marshall explains that marijuana can be dangerous for people with heart conditions because its use “can dramatically increase heart rate and blood pressure” (79). c、marshall explains that marijuana can be dangerous for people with heart conditions because its use “can dramatically increase heart rate and blood pressure” (marshall 79). d、marshall explains that marijuana can be dangerous for people with heart conditions because its use “can dramatically increase heart rate and blood pressure” (marshall, 79).
4、【单选题】the student is quoting rabbi isaac p. fried from page 38 of the following newspaper article: treaster, joseph b. “healing herb or narcotic? marijuana as medication.” new york times 14 nov. 1993: 38 . which of the following is correct? a、“i consider this [alleviating acute pain and nausea] a need that has to be filled,” says rabbi isaac p. fried of new york of his administration of marijuana to suffering patients. “should i buckle under the fear of an archaic law that doesn't deal with the present needs of the 1990's?” (treaster 38). b、“i consider this [alleviating acute pain and nausea] a need that has to be filled,” says rabbi isaac p. fried of new york of his administration of marijuana to suffering patients. “should i buckle under the fear of an archaic law that doesn't deal with the present needs of the 1990's?” (qtd. in treaster 38). c、“i consider this [alleviating acute pain and nausea] a need that has to be filled,” says rabbi isaac p. fried of new york of his administration of marijuana to suffering patients. “should i buckle under the fear of an archaic law that doesn't deal with the present needs of the 1990's?” (qtd. in isaac 38). d、“i consider this [alleviating acute pain and nausea] a need that has to be filled,” says rabbi isaac p. fried of new york of his administration of marijuana to suffering patients. “should i buckle under the fear of an archaic law that doesn't deal with the present needs of the 1990's?” (isaac 38).
5、【单选题】the student is quoting from page 623 of the following essay: bangs, lester. “where were you when elvis died?” rock and roll is here to stay. ed. william mckeen. new york: norton, 2000. 623-27. the paper includes another work by bangs. which of the following is correct? a、bangs argues that he sees elvis presley not “as a tragic figure . . . [but] more like the pentagon, a giant armored institution nobody knows anything about except that its power is legendary” (623). b、bangs argues that he sees elvis presley not “as a tragic figure . . . [but] more like the pentagon, a giant armored institution nobody knows anything about except that its power is legendary” (“where were you” 623). c、bangs argues that he sees elvis presley not “as a tragic figure . . . [but] more like the pentagon, a giant armored institution nobody knows anything about except that its power is legendary” (lester 623). d、bangs argues that he sees elvis presley not “as a tragic figure . . . [but] more like the pentagon, a giant armored institution nobody knows anything about except that its power is legendary” (bangs 623).
6、【单选题】you must give __________ each time when you directly refer to the work of another writer in your writing. a、full documentation b、the author’s name c、the title of the work d、the date of publication
7、【单选题】bettelheim, bruno.( the uses of enchantment.) new york: knopf, 1976. in this documentation, what does the part in the paranthesis refers to? a、an article. b、a magazine. c、a book. d、a newspaper.
8、【单选题】the student has quoted from page 580 of the american promise: a history of the united states, 2nd compact edition, written by james l. roark, michael p. johnson, patricia cline cohen, sarah stage, alan lawson, and susan m. hartmann and published in 2003 by bedford/st. martin’s in boston. which of the following is correct? a、roark, james l. the american promise: a history of the united states. 2nd compact ed. boston: bedford, 2003. b、roark, james l., et al. the american promise: a history of the united states. 2nd compact ed. boston: bedford, 2003. c、roark, james l. the american promise: a history of the united states. boston: bedford, 2003. d、roark, james l., et al. the american promise: a history of the united states. boston: bedford, 2003.
9、【判断题】you use some ideas from an article from your school’s newspaper in your essay. this is an act of plagiarism.
10、【判断题】you have a difficult essay to write, but you have no way of expressing your ideas without using exactly the same words from the original source. this is not an act of plagiarism.
11、【判断题】you use some words from a newspaper article because they sound better than how you could say something similar. this is not an act of plagiarism.
1、【单选题】which of the following fails to define an “analysis” in writing? a、to examine something in detail. b、to discover what something means. c、to combine ideas from different sources. d、to break something into its different parts.
2、【单选题】what is the nature of an analysis essay? a、an evaluation of an article or a book. b、an inquiry into the meaning of a given topic. c、a description of the components of an object. d、an argument for a certain viewpoint over a hot issue.
3、【单选题】an analytical tool in an analysis paper can be ________. a、a principle b、a theory c、a concept d、all of the above
4、【单选题】to write a good interpretive essay, you should first _________. a、choose an interesting novel b、think of an interpretive question c、create an attractive title d、make an outline of the ideas
5、【单选题】when you analyze a literary work, you are doing _ a、an interpretive analysis b、a theoretical analysis c、a personal analysis d、a causal analysis
6、【单选题】the thesis statement of an interpretive analysis should tell readers__________. a、the title of the work b、the background of the author c、the main points in the interpretation d、the structure of the analysis essay
7、【单选题】which of the following is not the criterion for source evaluation in literary analysis? a、reputation b、currency c、relevance d、sufficiency
8、【单选题】what does the letter “i” in ocie stand for in paragraph development? a、instance b、interest. c、input. d、interpretation.
1、【判断题】you may have to make explicit an indirect connection between two separate sources.
2、【判断题】in writing your synthesis, you should summarize each source material briefly towards the end of your essay.
3、【判断题】to make the connection clear to readers, use transitions between sections.
4、【判断题】a transitional phrase or sentence can tie together seemingly diverse material for it describes the connection between one idea and the next.
5、【判断题】you can also use more abstract nouns to put the facts and ideas in sensible relationship.
1、【判断题】a solution essay is argumentative in nature like an argument essay.
2、【判断题】it is reasonable to suggest that, in order to solve the problem, all the solutions should be used at once.
3、【判断题】in a solution paper, you should argue for your solution through sound reasoning and solid evidence.
4、【判断题】when writing a solution essay, make sure that your proposed solution is feasible.
5、【判断题】a solution paper is intended to persuade readers to take actions to solve the problem that has been affecting the life of a community.
6、【判断题】when writing a solution essay, we know that readers are all aware of the existence or seriousness of the problem.
7、【判断题】once the problem has been identified, your paper should discuss other possible solutions.
1、【单选题】a good arguable issue usually involves__________ a、more than one reasonable answer b、personal tastes c、purely private questions d、one definite answer
2、【单选题】to write a good argumentative essay, you should balance your argument by __________. a、giving an alternative point of view b、stating the opposing side of the argument c、refuting the opposing arguments d、all of the above
3、【判断题】argument refers to an individual claim, but not a whole text.
4、【判断题】toulmin’s argument pattern can be simplified as a general thesis-support structure.
5、【判断题】is it the role of government to attempt to control population? this yes/no question for argument writing is called an issue question.
6、【判断题】qualifiers can play an important role in your writing, giving your readers clues about how confident you feel about the information you’re presenting.
7、【判断题】president nixon probably resigned as a result of the watergate cover-up. the use of the word "probably" makes the statement less assertive.
1、【单选题】a review usually begins with the full bibliographical information about the text being reviewed, including the ________, date, title, publisher, place, etc. a、author b、time c、professor d、school
2、【单选题】despite these criticisms, ballard and clanchy’s article still has some value and we need to judge it in terms of the authors' purpose in writing it. the overall evaluation made in this sentence is inclined to be ________. a、negative b、positive c、right d、wrong
3、【单选题】in a review, expressions such as “the author explores the question…” are called _________ expressions. a、exploring b、reporting c、fonding d、descriping
1、【单选题】when writing a primarily agreeing response, you should do all the following except _________. a、giving a long summary of the article b、building on the text c、applying the ideas to a new context d、praising the text
2、【单选题】the supporting evidence for the thesis statement of your response essay often comes from ________. a、the text given b、your personal knowledge and experiences c、the combination of these aspects d、all of the above
3、【判断题】the writing task in the new tem-6 test is source-based.
4、【判断题】your essay cannot discuss every feature of a text or every idea the text has evoked.
1、【判断题】writing task 1 is less important than writing task 2.
2、【判断题】in ielts, writing task 2 counts more towards your overall test band score.
3、【判断题】you can do well in one writing task to get a good score.
4、【判断题】you must complete both tasks to get an accurate band score.
5、【判断题】you are not allowed to write task 2 first.
6、【判断题】[introduction] youth drug abuse is a serious problem nowadays in many cultures. not only is illegal drug use on the rise, but children as young as ten years old are experimenting with alcohol and tobacco. the reasons for this behaviour are unclear, but certain sociologists blame the examples set by their elders. the introductory paragraph shows that this essay is an account.
7、【判断题】nowadays we are producing more and more rubbish. why do you think this is happening? what can governments do to help reduce the amount of rubbish produced? this topic from the ielts writing task 2 requires you to write an account essay.
1、【判断题】eating less to lose weight.
2、【判断题】the teacher helping me to do better.
3、【判断题】to join the most important club in the school.
4、【判断题】searching students in school constitutes an illegal search.
5、【判断题】when taking a test that you need to pass.
6、【判断题】after brainstorming and identifying topics.
7、【判断题】because she was a dedicated student.
8、【判断题】i enjoy reading good books.
9、【判断题】her diet not very healthy.
10、【判断题】her diet not very healthy.
11、【判断题】as you enter the building and find your classroom.